Sunday, January 19, 2020

UNDERSTANDING SASSIE, Ch. 27, Mom's Hospitalization

Understanding Sassie: A Novel of Dog and Human Communication
Ruth got to the hospital and quickly went up to her mother’s room.  As she entered the room, she saw a nurse holding an empty box labeled “Chocolate Covered Cherries.”  

The nurse announced, “This must be the reason for her spike in blood sugar!”

“How in the world did that get in here?” Ruth loudly questioned her, while she walked to her mother’s bedside. 

The doctor was also standing next to the bed. He asked, “When did she get her insulin shot?” 

The nurse checked her records and reported, “It was a half-hour ago.  She should be more alert soon.”

Ruth’s mom, Valerie, had heard Ruth’s question and was trying to talk.  She was groggy, but the soft words were clear.  “I’m sorry!” As Valerie struggled to talk, she seemed to have tears in her eyes. 

Ruth asked, “How did you get that candy?” 

Valerie mumbled a reply. 

Ruth continued to have her explain, but only after she repeated her answer three times did Ruth understand what she had said, “I found it on my lunch tray.”

Why would anyone give candy to a diabetic? Ruth asked herself.  The nurse explained that the trays were sometimes unattended as they were handed out during the lunch period. 

Ruth realized why her mother was quite tempted by the Chocolate Covered Cherries.  Pop had always given Mom a gift of Chocolate Covered Cherries and claimed they said, “I love you.” 

Mom had always said that she felt Pop’s love whenever she ate a chocolate covered cherry.  However, this had now become a deadly treat for her mother, and Ruth worried that someone had wanted to kill her mother and had almost succeeded.

I think it might be wise to have someone stay with Mom for her safety.  I can be with her sometimes, but for now she needs constant security, she thought.  Then she remembered her out-of-state retired sister. Maybe if she came and stayed for a time, it might be a good solution.  I’ll call and arrange for my sister to come and stay with us.  Maybe while she is here we can brainstorm and maybe discover who might want to hurt Mom. 

The doctor examined Mom and told Ruth that they had decided to keep her in the hospital for another night. 

Ruth agreed and asked for permission to stay with her until she would be discharged the next day.    Ruth called her older sister, Mary, and made the travel arrangements.  Mary would be arriving at the airport the next afternoon.

Meanwhile Donald had heard about Valerie and the box of chocolate covered cherries.  What have I done?  They said she nearly went into a diabetic coma and that she could have died!  I only wanted to make her miserable, not kill her! 

Donald was shocked about the situation and suddenly realized that making Valerie suffer was a big mistake.  He started to look closely at his feelings about Valerie.  Why was I so angry about being adopted?  The parents that adopted me were loving, supportive, and the best parents anyone could have! 

As he thought back to the day of the auto crash that took his parents’ lives, he began to realize that he was afraid and did not want to accept the sad reality of the situation.  I wonder what the real story had been behind Valerie’s actions.  I see her feed the stray cats at the farm and how she shows her love to Ruth.  I realize now that she never just threw me away like a piece of garbage!  

As Donald began to realize that Valerie was a good mother and a good person, he decided, I’ve got to make up for the hurt I have caused!


With her permission, I am serializing a chapter a week, on this blog, near-final material from this instructive novel by dog trainer Helen A. Bemis, published by Outskirts Press and available through  UNDERSTANDING SASSIE  

Connect with all Helen A. Bemis books on Amazon.

I coached and edited for Helen through my Write Your Book with Me endeavor.

WATER WARS, Ch. 2, Global Impact

Water Wars: Sharing the Colorado River
AGRICULTURAL WATER UTILIZATION practices over the centuries have gone from taking advantage of the annual flooding of the Nile River and the use of canals, to the active pumping of water from aquifers to use for irrigating crops.
An important agricultural-use example is the Ogallala aquifer, located in eight U.S. states: South Dakota, Wyoming, Colorado, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, and New Mexico. One of the world’s most important aquifers, it provides one-third of the agricultural irrigation water used in the entire U.S. It is now being emptied more rapidly than rainfall is replenishing it, the usage having reduced the average depth of the water by about 2/3. The aquifer is predicted to run dry by 2040. (Kallen, 2015)


Water used in raising cattle, for example, is quite large, as it takes 2500 gallons per pound of beef, and Americans consume about 50 billion pounds of beef each year. A pound of soybean-based tofu, on the other hand, requires only 228 gallons of water. Some conservationists are even promoting Meatless Mondays. (Kallen, 2015)
Sometimes energy and conservation goals are in conflict. In the United States’ Ogallala Aquifer, corn consumes about 90% of the crops’ feed water. Of the corn produced, 30% is used in food and beverages for humans; another 30% is used to feed farm animals; 40% of the corn is turned into ethanol, which the EPA has mandated be applied to most gasoline so that it contains 10% ethanol. The goal was partly to make the United States more energy independent, and partly to make the emissions from vehicles have less carbon dioxide. Raising corn does reduce somewhat the emissions of the vehicles, offset somewhat by the additional use of gasoline-burning farm equipment. Farming typically requires nitrogen-based fertilizers, some of which run off into the regional rivers, such as the Mississippi. Nitrogen compounds in the water lead to algal blooms, which deprive water of oxygen, bringing that level of oxygen below that which can sustain marine life. Furthermore, it takes 800 gallons of water to produce just 1 gallon of ethanol. On the other hand, the use of water for this biofuel production in the aquifer area accounts for only 1% of the freshwater use. (Kallen, 2015)
Only 2.5% of the world’s water is freshwater, with almost 70% frozen in glaciers as ice; 30% is in groundwater, with only 1.2% of that as surface water. Thus, surface water is 0.01% of the total amount of water on earth. (Gallagher, 2017) The total amount of water on our planet is 1.5 billion cubic meters, and fresh water is only 2.5% of this (IAEA, 2011). [International Atomic Energy Agency, (2011). All About Water. Retrieved from magazines/bulletin/bull53-1/53105911720.pdf]
Americans are used to getting their drinking water from the tap at a cost of 0.1 to 2 cents per gallon. Household use of water averages 100 gallons per day per American, with only one-half gallon of that used for drinking…the rest goes to washing things and watering lawns. Contrast this with Africa, where a third of its billion people have too little water for personal use, a usage estimated by the United Nations as 13 gallons per day. Much of that water is transported by women carrying jugs, often laboring at this task for many hours per day. (Kallen, 2015)


By the middle of the 21st century, naturally occurring drinking water in most regions of the world will turn into a scarce product, and potable supplies will have to be provided through its importation, as well as through various, often costly, desalination and purification technologies (McClelland, 2017).
The essentially infinite supply of water in the oceans can be made potable by removing the salts from the fluid. Evaporation followed by condensation of the vapor produces distilled water, virtually 100% pure. While there is plenty of water in the oceans, desalinization by evaporation-condensation or by reverse-osmosis (similar to filtering) is generally prohibitively expensive currently. (Kallen, 2015)
Depending on the source of heat and the method of condensation, this can provide clean water at a practical price in some locations. A recent university study (Song et al., 2018) showed the ability to use carbon-dipped paper to produce 2.2 liters per hour of clean water in sunlight per square meter of material. They enhanced the efficiency of their method by absorbing heat from the surroundings, adding this to the heat from the sunlight. Such a technique might be useful, at first, in disaster situations.
An even more difficult situation can arise with water for commercial/ technical needs (primarily irrigation). Shortages already are reality for many agrarian and some densely populated industrial zones of the world (McClelland, 2017).
Less visible, but increasingly relevant, critical linkages are “water - food” and “water - energy.” Agriculture accounts for about 70% of the total amount of freshwater consumed (Revenga, 2002). Therefore, an increase in food prices, which inevitably follows water depletion, places the development of strategies for improving resource management, including the dissemination of existing and development of new watersaving technologies, into the category of the most urgent (Revenga, 2002).
Competition for water resources between the agricultural and energy sectors is growing. To produce one liter of biofuels, 2500 liters of water are needed (UNESCO, 2009). There arises the complex situation requiring choosing between the development of new technologies and the satisfaction of the daily elementary needs of millions and even billions of people (UNESCO, 2009).
The availability of fresh water is an essential factor of national security. Adequate water supplies would likely help in avoiding conflicts of various kinds. In many regions of the world, water scarcity contributes to perpetual conflict (UNESCO, 2009). Authoritative sources have raised this issue emphatically (UNESCO, 2009).
According to Chellaney (2007), in the article, “Preventing Water Wars in Asia,” analyzing the water crises faced especially by China and India: “Lack of water in much of Asia begins to threaten rapid economic modernization, prompting the construction in the headwaters of the rivers, the waters of which belong to several states. If the geopolitics of water continue to stimulate tensions between states because of the diminishing water flows in neighboring states, the Asian renaissance will significantly slow down. Water becomes the key problem that will determine whether Asia is managing with a sense of mutually beneficial cooperation or under serious interstate competition. No country can exert influence greater than China, which controls the Tibetan Upland - the source of most major rivers in Asia.”
Water problems are characterized by an unconventional combination of socio-economic, political, legal (international and domestic), military and civilian aspects (Chellaney, 2007), a particular type of new cross-border challenges and security threats. At the same time, political and legal regimes for the functioning of transboundary water resources in crisis zones are usually not well defined and are de facto not observed by the parties concerned (Chellaney, 2007).
There are four crisis zones, where a combination of various water problems generates severe interstate conflicts predicted to worsen as the global water shortage problem worsens (Kimenyi and Mbaku, 2016). In all four crisis zones, water problems combine with the presence of many other threats and security challenges:
1.      A complex of conflicts regarding the use of the Nile waters between Egypt and the neighboring countries (Kimenyi and Mbaku, 2016).
2.      A complex of disagreements between the Central Asian countries over the use of the Syr-Darya waters and, to a lesser extent, the Amu Darya (Kimenyi and Mbaku, 2016).
3.      Serious friction between Israel, Palestine, Syria, and Jordan over the use of the waters of the Jordan River, constituting an essential element of the Arab-Israeli conflict (Environment Conflict Cooperation Platform, 2018).
4.      Conflicts among Turkey, Syria, and Iraq over the use of the waters of the Euphrates River. The implementation of the Turkish “irrigation project of South-Eastern Anatolia” can reduce river flow to Syria by 50% (Al-Muqdadi et al. 2016).
Population growth and further industrialization can be expected to put more demands on the supply of clean water. As the global water shortage worsens, the formation of new conflict zones is possible. At present, there are no international organizations that can effectively influence the problems of transboundary water conflicts (Al-Muqdadi et al. 2016). The reason is the close interlacing of the above-described economic and security factors. These factors neutralize all possible efforts of global political and economic, as well as regional, organizations (Al-Muqdadi et al. 2016).
The possibility of forming a global water market and the need for its international regulation present problems and opportunities that further complicate the situation. In this connection, the creation of a new governance body, preferably within the framework of the UN system, that could regulate complex global water problems becomes urgent.
A negative impact on the situation may be imposed by privatization activity in the sphere of water resources (Al-Muqdadi et al. 2016). According to the UN definition, water is considered common property, and free access to water use belongs to the category of basic human needs, the area of its natural rights (Purvis, 2017). As discussed below, when a resource is shared without clear-cut ownership, the “tragedy of the commons” effect can lead to over-use and under-investment.
In the twentieth century, the water services sector was wholly provided with state structures for a long time. In most countries, there is a state communal economy. However, the public sector often has low efficiency, and its services are of poor quality and insufficient coverage. In the second half of the 1980s, many countries began to attract private capital to water management (Purvis, 2017). There was an opportunity to connect private financial resources to expand the coverage of the population with services and at the same time to ease budget expenditures (Purvis, 2017).
Today, the amount of services provided by the private sector in the sphere of water consumption is estimated at $200 billion a year and, according to the World Bank projections, by 2021 this figure will reach $1 trillion annually (World Bank, 2018). The private sector, in contemporary discussions, often appears as a panacea that can solve the problem of lack of fresh water. However, for the time being, the fact is that it provides only 7% of the world population with water (World Bank, 2018).
Serious problems associated with privatization processes in the water sector are the rising prices for consumed water and the growing dependence of the population of developing countries on foreign sources of drinking water supply (World Bank, 2018). It is possible that privatization will produce investments and innovation that will lead to lowered water costs, but this is speculative.
Privatization of the water supply system and the resulting increase in water prices have repeatedly led to mass protests of the population in Latin America and South Africa (World Bank, 2018). Therefore, the prospects for privatization of water supply are unclear. However, the rivalry between the public and private sectors, as well as competition between business representatives, cannot be ignored in assessing the conflict potential of the world’s water resources (World Bank, 2018).


Even when surrounded by source(s) of water, we can feel thirsty. Almost three-quarters of the Earth’s surface is covered with water, but fresh water on the planet is less than 3% of this, and only 1% of it is easily accessible (W E Forum, 2016). We are all vitally dependent on this tiny percentage.
In the list of the most significant global risks for humanity compiled by the World Economic Forum for the next ten years, based on the criterion of potential impact, the problem of shortage of drinking water came out on top (W E Forum, 2016). Failed attempts to mitigate climate change have left behind the possibility of increasingly extreme weather conditions, as well as threats to food security. These risks are interrelated.
Four billion people, for at least one month of the year, face a deficit of fresh water. According to a study published by Mekonnen and Hoekstra (2016), almost half of these people live in India and China. The same study concluded that 663 million people have a lack of drinking water, and another 2.4 billion do not have standard sanitation conditions (Mekonnen and Hoekstra, 2016).
There is no reason to look to the clean water future with optimism; on the contrary, increasingly we are likely to see global problems in the coming decades associated with water (W E Forum, 2016). Experts predict that two-thirds of humanity will face a shortage of fresh water, while ironically the number of people affected by floods will triple by the end of the century (W E Forum, 2016).

Natural, uneven distribution of water resources between regions of the planet

The most significant adverse effect of the lack of water resources is experienced by the countries of tropical Africa, where the cost of water determines the development of the economy of entire regions (McClelland, 2017). The consequences of predicted climate changes will exacerbate the situation regarding water scarcity: these two factors negatively affect agriculture, healthcare, and income of the population. According to the forecasts of the World Bank, the GDP of several African countries may drop by 6% by 2050 (McClelland, 2017). The situation is aggravated by the low level of development of some nation states located to the south of the Sahara. To achieve a satisfactory level of water supply and sanitation, the economies of these countries will need investments of about 2.7% of GDP, or $7 billion a year (McClelland, 2017).

The rapid growth of urbanization increases the need for water

In addition to factors related to climate change, two other megatrends are involved in the predicted shortage of water resources: population growth and urbanization. More than half the world’s population currently lives in cities, and by 2050, the percentage of the world population that is urban will reach 66% (UNESCO, 2009). This means that another 2 billion inhabitants will need fresh water for drinking, washing, and cooking.
According to the UN forecasts, about 90% of urban population growth will be concentrated in Asia and Africa, where the problem of water deficit is most pronounced (UNESCO, 2009). However, other regions, regardless of the climatic zone and geographic zone, are not immune from imminent problems with drinking water. For example, Brazil, the birthplace of tropical forests and the storage of an eighth of the world’s freshwater supplies, as a result of rapid urbanization has faced droughts that are more typical of desert Iran (UNESCO, 2009).

Agriculture uses 70% of the world’s freshwater resources

About 60% of this water volume is lost due to leaky irrigation systems, inefficient technologies, drainage of marshy areas, and the growing of crops that consume too much water (rice, for example) (UNESCO, 2009). Such a cavalier approach to water usage leads to the drying up of rivers, lakes, and even underground waters (aquifers). Many countries producing a multitude of food products, including India, China, Australia, Spain, and the United States, have already reached, or are close to reaching, their water reserves limits (UNESCO, 2009)

Water Pollution

Many factors lead to water pollution: pesticides and fertilizers washed away from farmland, untreated sewage, and industrial waste. Moreover, in the case of toxic wastes that industrial enterprises have discarded, all the negative consequences on the environment and the food chain may not immediately appear (UNESCO, 2009).
In general, pollution control is likely to raise the cost of goods and services, thus becoming an economic and political issue.
Because of widespread public concern about water pollution, the U.S. Clean Water Act of 1972 was passed, requiring the U.S. EPA to identify and regulate point sources of water pollution and requiring factories and water treatment plants to improve their pollution-control activities (Kallen, 2015).
In 1974, the U.S. Safe Drinking Water Act was passed to improve the safety of United States tap water. Public water systems were required to test for and achieve drastically reduced levels of contaminants in drinking water (Kallen, 2015). In some cases, these regulations have forced businesses to close their doors.
Wide-area pollutant sources still contribute substantially to water pollution, an example being agricultural facilities. Important among these are “concentrated animal feeding operations.” In one case, such an operation produced 1½ times the water pollutants produced by the people in the Pennsylvania city of Philadelphia (Kallen, 2015).
The recently developed fracking oil-recovery technique that allows for increasing the recovery of oil from wells has placed more demands on water supplies in areas using this technology. The degree to which the fracking fluids can penetrate the generally impervious rock layers between the oil fields and the aquifers is a matter of dispute. Often fracking occurs not far from human habitations. Many other countries have adopted fracking technology, too.
Of course, the U.S. is not the only major country with water pollution problems. As with air pollution, water pollution is a major problem in China. In 2013, the Chinese minister of environmental policy said that at least one-quarter of his country’s rivers were too contaminated to use for drinking or crops and even for industrial applications (Kallen, 2015). Agriculture is so important to China that it must continue its water usage despite concerns for the purity of the water in use. Chinese activists recently produced an Internet campaign to call attention to the need for improved pollution control.


The most obvious catastrophic example is the Aral Sea, located in Central Asia. Once, it was the fourth-largest freshwater lake in the world. But in just three decades, as a result of ill-considered actions to flood the region, the surface area of  the Aral Sea has decreased by 90% (Qobil, 2015). And because of pollution and leakage of water intended for irrigation and power generation, the salinity of that water has increased by seven times. Drying out, the Aral Sea has left the land contaminated (Qobil, 2015). This human-made environmental disaster led to a shortage of food, an increase in infant mortality, and a decrease in the life expectancy of the local population (Qobil, 2015). The local climate even seems to have changed: in summer it is hotter and drier, and in winter it is colder.
The growth of the Earth’s population, increased water consumption, and destruction of natural ecosystems have meant that by the beginning of the 21st century, drinking and technical water had become one of the most important types of resources needed not only for global economic growth but even for the mere survival of humankind (UNESCO, 2009).
Water resources are the second most important natural resource for national development, after oil and gas. No less than for drinking, clean water is essential for agriculture, hydro-power, biofuel production, as well as in various water-intensive industries and in public services (UNESCO, 2009).
Annually, about 6 million hectares of land turn into desert. Every day, world-wide, about 6000 people die due to unsatisfactory hygienic conditions caused by water shortages (UNESCO, 2009). On more than 20% of the Earth’s land area, anthropogenic activity has exceeded the limits of the capacity of natural ecosystems that serve to meet human needs but now have been fundamentally changed.
Water quality continues to deteriorate. Each year, 160 billion cubic meters are taken from the groundwater, and up to 95% of the liquid industrial waste is discharged into the reservoirs uncontrolled (UNESCO, 2009).
Many countries are over-pumping their aquifers, withdrawing more water than is being replaced by rainfall; rainfall becomes divided into surface water, groundwater, and evaporation.
India faces severe water shortages, with 16% of the world’s population but only 4% of its freshwater. It has no restrictions on the agricultural use of water; it has produced record harvests, but this cannot continue (Kallen, 2015). Even so, one newspaper in India estimated that half the childhood deaths were due to malnutrition. You might think that the yearly monsoons would provide India with enough water, and they could, but better water capture and conservation methods must be adopted. One expert estimated that 80% of the difference between the supply of water and the demand could be handled by increased efficiency of water capture and use in India.


About seven billion gallons a day of clean water go down the drain just from leaking faucets (Kallen, 2015).The U.S. has about a million miles of water pipes, and the American Society of Civil Engineers estimates a quarter-million of these water mains break each year. To replace the entire system would cost roughly $1 trillion, the ASCE estimates (Kallen, 2015).
Rooftop gardens and water-catchment systems can help reduce the waste of rainwater, but these require investment and maintenance.
The purpose of our work is to analyze the problem of a possible shortage of clean water in part of the United States, the Colorado River Basin, as well as the development of recommendations to solve this problem.


The lack of water resources is often the result of human activity. The reasons for this situation are numerous. We will consider the most significant.
The primary sources of fresh water are rivers, lakes, aquifers, and marshes. Unfortunately, the natural distribution of resources is uneven across the globe (IAEA, 2011). For example, Europe has 20% of the inhabitants of the entire planet, but only 7% of its water reserves (IAEA, 2011). The number of people on Earth is growing every day, and with them grows the need for drinking water (IAEA, 2011). For example, if the annual increase in people is 84 million people, then the necessary increase in water resources should be at least 60 million cubic meters per year (IAEA, 2011).
Misuse of natural resources leads to their rapid decrease. Furthermore, groundwater recovers very slowly – about 1% per year (IAEA, 2011). Also important is the pollution of water sources due to industrial effluents and the flushing of fertilizers from fields (IAEA, 2011). For example, in America (e.g., the Colorado/Utah mine spill), 37% of rivers and lakes are so polluted that it is not even possible to swim in them safely (IAEA, 2011). Colorado has more than 20,000 abandoned sub-surface mines, most of them now filled with water, which, when it leaches out, contaminates other water it contacts. (Owen, 2017)
Even the positive factor of development of agriculture around the world also contributes to water pollution. Agricultural uses make up 85% of the total (IAEA, 2011). The price of agricultural products is made more expensive when it is necessary to irrigate to produce them (IAEA, 2011). In the U.S., drought conditions between 2010 and 2013 influenced many farmers to change from growing wheat and corn to sorghum, requiring less water, and to change their irrigation systems to “trickle” systems from wasteful spray systems.


One of the future global challenges is the warming of the Earth’s atmosphere due to the greenhouse effect, as more gases like carbon dioxide are emitted into the atmosphere. The Earth’s climate may be changing yearly, perhaps evidenced by unusual weather such as snowfall in countries with hot climates and unnatural frosts in countries such as Italy and Spain (IAEA, 2011), consequences of the redistribution of precipitation.
Predictions of climate change raise more issues. The United Nations panel on climate change concluded that the United States has seen an average temperature increase of 2° F since 1960, something hard to notice but capable of producing climate problems. Some climate scientists believe that such an increase can create drought in the U.S. and in Africa. However, it is also true that some of the most powerful rainfalls have occurred in the recent past.
A recent article in the Wall Street Journal by Michaels and Maue (June 21, 2018) [] compared current temperatures with those predicted by former NASA scientist James E. Hansen in U.S. congressional testimony 30 years ago. The atmosphere has heated barely at all, less than his predictions, and about half those predicted by the U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (UNIPCC). Modeling that better accounts for the counteracting action of atmospheric aerosol particles also predicts the diminished heating effect. Doubling the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is predicted to raise the average temperature 2 to 4 oC.
80% of the world’s fresh water is tied up in the ice in Antarctica. If there is appreciable warming, some of this ice will melt. This freshwater melt is not in a convenient location for use by humans. However, it may cause the seas to rise dangerously. A warmer climate should have more rainfall and evaporation, changing the water situation in various areas, likely causing more floods and droughts. Earlier melting of ice cover on lakes and the oceans will lead to more evaporation; higher temperatures give higher evaporation rates, and eventually this water must precipitate as rain or snow. (Kallen, 2015) Increases in moisture in the atmosphere will increase cloud cover, which tends to produce warmer nights and cooler days.
A Bloomberg News article by Christopher Flavelle posted on January 22, 2019 [ muggy-disney-parks-downed-at-t-towers-firms-tally-climate-
risk?srnd=premium] confirms the adage that it is an ill wind that blows nobody any good. Flavelle’s article has the headline “Climate Changed:
Corporate America Is Getting Ready to Monetize Climate Change.”
Despite its headline, the article primarily lists risks that the companies have shown concerns them, publishing through required SEC statements or in responding to queries from the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP):
        Bank of America: more mortgage defaults due to flooding,
        Walt Disney Company: weather uncomfortable in theme parks,
        AT&T: fires and floods damage infrastructure,
        Coca-Cola: loss of water supplies near bottlers,
        Intel and other semiconductor manufacturers: less water, •     Visa: more pandemics and water conflicts, discouraging travel.
“The disclosures were collected by CDP, a U.K.-based nonprofit that asks companies to report their environmental impact, including the risks and opportunities they believe climate change presents for their businesses. More than 7,000 companies worldwide filed reports for 2018, including more than 1,800 from the U.S.” The CDP website describes the organization: “CDP is a not-for-profit charity that runs the global disclosure system for investors, companies, cities, states and regions to manage their environmental impacts. Over the past 15 years we have created a system that has resulted in unparalleled engagement on environmental issues worldwide.”
Returning to the Flavelle (2019) article, we note that some may gain. What benefits? From near the end of the piece:
“Climate change isn’t all downside for the largest U.S. companies. Many of those that filed reports with CDP said they believe climate change can bolster demand for their products.
“For one thing, more people will get sick. ‘As the climate changes, there will be expanded markets for products for tropical and weather-related diseases including waterborne illness,’ wrote Merck & Co. The company didn’t respond to a request for comment.
“More disasters will make iPhones even more vital to people’s lives, Apple predicted.”
Despite the Flavelle article’s headline, its content indicates more commercial worry than confidence.
Three months earlier, again in Bloomberg News [, October 8, 2018], the same author wrote about climate change and investment opportunities: “Climate Change Will Get Worse. These Investors Are Betting on It: If electric cars and clean energy aren’t enough to prevent rising oceans, then there’s money to be made in sea walls, indoor agriculture, and emergency housing. Sea levels are predicted to rise, putting at risk some of the 40% of Americans who live by its coasts.”
Favelle (2018) writes, “Consider what might happen to food production. As precipitation patterns change and oceans become more acidic, outdoor environments will become less reliable and ‘more and more intolerant for crops or fish,’ according to Liqian Ma, managing director at Cambridge Associates in Boston. Demand will increase for technologies that allow indoor agriculture and even aquaculture.” One entrepreneur took advantage of a hurricane’s predicted path to invest in housing in nearby, but safe, areas. Insurance companies are developing policies that allow investors to take both sides of the risk expectations. Municipal bond valuations should reflect climate risk, and some do already.
An important part of the water cycle is the formation of snow packs and glaciers in the mountainous regions of the Earth. These snow and ice formations serve as natural reservoirs for fresh water. In the summer, these melt and feed the streams that flow eventually to the oceans, some of which rivers and streams are interrupted by artificial and natural holding areas, reservoirs. For example, snowpack in the Rocky Mountains is the source of water for some 70,000,000 people in the American Southwest and provides water for farms in California (Kallen, 2015).
As the world warms, fresh water will become even more precious. This will be particularly notable in the American Southwest. Asia will experience significant changes, too. The Tibetan plateau in the Himalayan Mountains has over 1000 glaciers, which serve as fresh water sources for much of the Asian continent, helping to fill the major rivers. Over a billion people are dependent upon these rivers, and the inhabitants constitute roughly 1/6 of the world’s population. There is concern that these glaciers are melting at an accelerating rate, leading to questions of future advocacy of water supplies for these people. China has 20% of the earth’s population and only about 7% of its fresh water (Kallen, 2015).
Climate change can produce local droughts, and it is estimated that in Africa there are two million human deaths per year due to starvation, partly caused by droughts. In the Middle East, by the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, it is estimated that between 2006 and 2010, the nation of Syria lost 1.5 million people from farming due to drought conditions (Kallen, 2015).
Our monograph will focus below on the Colorado River Basin of the United States, a hydrological area of great significance, one expected to experience major changes in the coming decades.


I will be serializing here weekly the Microsoft Word transcription of the final galley proof .pdf copy ot WATER WARS, and the book itself  is most conveniently found at

or at DWC's author's book title list

Wednesday, January 8, 2020



What Ever Happened to My White Picket Fence?
My Brain Injury from My Massive Brain Tumor

Where Janet’s been in 2018:

Janet Johnson Schliff spoke at the Oblong Books Bookstore in Rhinebeck, NY, on Tuesday, February 6 at 6 p.m.

Janet was on WKNY Radio 1490 in Kingston, NY, on Thursday, March 1 at 9:10 a.m. 

Janet spoke at Barnes & Noble in Kingston, NY, on Saturday, March 3 at 1 p.m. 

Janet spoke at the Starr Library in Rhinebeck, NY, on March 6 at 7 p.m. 

Janet was interviewed by John DeSanto for the Middletown, NY, Times Herald-Record 845 LIFE Feature,, which appeared on March 11.

Janet spoke at the Golden Notebook Bookstore in Woodstock, NY, on March 17 at 2 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Morton Library in Rhinecliff, NY, on March 28 at 6:30 p.m. 

Janet spoke at RCAL in Kingston, NY, on April 3 at 4 p.m. [They gave her an impromptu book-launch party.]

Janet spoke at the Parkinson's Support Group at the Starr Library in Rhinebeck, NY, on April 4 at 2:30 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Stone Ridge Library in Stone Ridge, NY, on April 27 at 5:30 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Hurley Library in Hurley, NY, on May 4 at 6 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Kingston Library in Kingston, NY, on May 9 at 6 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Staatsburg Library in Staatsburg, NY, on May 14 at 7 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Clinton Community Library in Rhinebeck, NY, on May 31 at 6:30 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Mountain Top Library in Tannersville, NY, on June 9 at 12 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Gardiner Library in Gardiner, NY, on June 11 at 7 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Marbletown Community Center in Stone Ridge, NY, on June 20 at 6 p.m.

Janet was interviewed on radio station WTBQ-FM (93.5) on June 29 at 12 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Esopus Library in Port Ewen, NY, on July 13 at 7 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Pine Plains Library in Pine Plains, NY, on July 20 at 6 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Ulster Library in Kingston, NY, on July 23 at 5:30 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Northern Dutchess Bible Church in Red Hook, NY, on August 11 at 1 p.m.

Janet spoke at a writers' group in Rosendale, NY, on August 30 at 2 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Inquiring Minds Bookstore in New Paltz, NY, on September 6 at 7 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Adriance Library in Poughkeepsie, NY, on September 15 at 2:30 p.m.

Janet was interviewed on radio station WRIP-FM (97.9) on September 21 at 8 a.m.

Janet again spoke at the Mountain Top Library in Tannersville, NY, on September 22 at 12 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Enchanted Cafe in Red Hook, NY, on September 28 at 7 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Hyde Park Library in Hyde Park, NY, on October 4 at 7 p.m.

Janet participated in an Author Weekend at the Barnes & Noble in Poughkeepsie, NY, on October 14 from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Tivoli Library in Tivoli, NY, on October 22 at 5:30 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Germantown Library in Germantown, NY, on November 7 at 6 p.m.

Janet’s interview for the TV program Wake Up with Marci on the You Too America Channel aired on Monday, November 5, and Friday, November 9. It is now available on the Internet.

Janet participated in the Red Hook Middle School’s College and Career Cafe in Red Hook, NY,  on December 19 at 10:30 a.m.

What Ever Happened to My White Picket Fence?
My Brain Injury from My Massive Brain Tumor

BOOK TALKS AND SIGNINGS                            

Janet has been invited to speak at more high school health classes, hospitals, and senior centers, dates in 2020 to be determined.

Where Janet’s been in 2019

Janet spoke at the Poughkeepsie Brain Injury Support Group at the Poughkeepsie Galleria Mall in Poughkeepsie, NY, Saturday, February 23 at 12 p.m. 

Janet spoke at the Stanford Library in Stanfordville, NY, Saturday, March 9 at 10 a.m.

Janet spoke at the Howland Library in Beacon, NY, Wednesday, March 20 at 1 p.m.

Janet spoke at the W. Hurley Library in West Hurley, NY, Saturday, March 23 at 1 p.m.

Janet spoke at the East Fishkill Library in Hopewell Junction, NY, Monday, March 25 at 6:30 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Grinnell Library in Wappingers Falls, NY, Saturday, March 30 at 10:30 a.m.

Janet spoke at the Dover Plains Library in Wingdale, NY, Friday, April 5 at 6 p.m.

Janet participated in an Author Talk at the Saugerties Library in Saugerties, NY, Saturday, April 13 at 1 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Red Hook Community Center in Red Hook, NY, Wednesday, April 24 at 5 p.m.

Janet participated in the Authors’ Event at the New Creations Gift Shop in Fishkill, NY, Saturday, May 4 at 12 p.m.

Janet spoke at St. Timothy's Church in Hyde Park, NY, Sunday, May 5 at 11 a.m.

Janet spoke at the Moffat Library in Washingtonville, NY, Saturday, May 11 at 1 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Beekman Library in Hopewell Junction, NY, Saturday, May 18 at 10:30 a.m.

Janet spoke at the Pleasant Valley Library in Pleasant Valley, NY, Tuesday, May 28 at 6 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Blodgett Library in Fishkill, NY, on Saturday, June 8 at 1 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Westchester Medical Center's "Lunch and Learn" in Valhalla, NY, on Friday, June 14 at 12 p.m. (She has been invited to speak at two more hospitals.)

Janet spoke at the Fishkill Ability Center in Fishkill, NY, on Thursday, July 11, at 11 a.m.

Janet spoke at the Marlboro Library in Marlboro, NY, on Tuesday, July 16, at 7 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Plattekill Library in Modena, NY, on Saturday, July 20, at 1 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Rosendale Senior Center in Rosendale, NY, on Wednesday, July 24, at 2 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Newburgh Library in Newburgh, NY, on Monday, July 29, at 7 p.m.

Janet spoke at the LaGrange Association Library in LaGrange, NY, on Wednesday, September 11, at 6 p.m.

Janet participated in the New Creations Gift Shop Authors’ Event in Fishkill, NY, on Saturday, September 21, at 12 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Sport and Physical Medicine Center’s “Lunch and Learn” in Kingston, NY, on Tuesday, September 24, at 12 p.m. [Continuing Education Units (CEUs) were earned by attendees.]

Janet spoke to the Red Hook High School health classes in Red Hook, NY, on Friday, October 4, throughout the day.

Janet spoke at the Pawling Rec Center for Seniors in Pawling, NY, on Wednesday, October 9, at 12 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Chestertown Library in Chestertown, NY, on Saturday, October 12, at 11 a.m.

Janet spoke at the Bolton Free Library in Bolton Landing , NY, on Tuesday, October 15, at 7 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Office for the Aging in Kingston, NY, on Wednesday, October 23, at 1:30 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Sarah Hull Hallock / Milton Library’s Tea and Talk in Milton, NY, on Friday, November 1, at 3:30 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Northern Dutchess Hospital Acute Rehabilitation Unit in Rhinebeck, NY, on Friday, November 8, at 12 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Journey Support Services in Poughkeepsie, NY, on Monday, November 18, at 12:30 p.m.

Janet spoke at the Woodland Pond Health Center in New Paltz, NY, on Wednesday, December 11 at 2:30 p.m.

More talks are being planned for 2020… contact her at 845.336.7506 (h) or 845.399.1500 (c).                                                   

8 January 2020